THE PROGRESS OF THE YEARS
From The Historical Souvenir of Port Germein 1936-1961 by Roy Parkes, updated by Joyce Webb, additions taken from
National Library of Australia newspaper database, Trove, council minutes and other sources.
~ In July, Edward John Eyre passed along the western side of the Flinders Range on his way north
~ John Germein, master of the "Water Witch," while returning from the head of Spencer Gulf, discovered a fine harbour named "Germein's Roadstead" by Governor Gawler
~ the coming of the squatters to the western side of the Flinders Range
~ Port Pirie was made an out port. Before this wool was sent from either Port Wakefield (1856) or Port Augusta (1859)
~ Telowie was opened up on May 22
~ The reserve at Baroota, called the aboriginal reserve in 1936, was surveyed as a water and forest reserve.
~ Report credits Captain Kingcome and Messrs Brine, Murdock and Newbold with having sown the first wheat crops in the district.
~ Baroota was sold at auction on March 26.
~ Mr S. Miller traversed the Back Creek Gorge.
~ The first post office at Telowie, under the charge of J. Oldfield was established but in July, it was changed to Broad Creek.
~ In October Mr W. Gluyas was appointed postmaster in charge of the new Telowie post office.
~ The hotels were built, the Pier by Mr Samuel Miller, and Messrs Dowdy and Laffan established a store at Pt Germein
~ Postal facilities were established at Port Germein about October, Messrs Dowdy and Laffan, storekeepers, placed in charge.
~ Several wheat agencies were established at Pt Germein.
~ The Port Germein Police Station is opened with Constable LeLievre in charge
~ The Port Germein Post Office was given official status on Aug 13, 1880, when Mr J Clark was the first official postmaster.
~ The road through the gorge was begun.
~The first magistrates' court took place in Port Germein on January 1 with 5 cases being heard by Messrs. Galloway and Carmichael
~ The Port Germein School was opened on the old site across the bridge on the Gorge Road, Mr Timothy O'Connell being the first teacher.
~The Mary Jane Anderson was the first vesssel direct for Port Germein to unload her cargo of timber for the jetty, at the jetty.
~ On July 17 the jetty built by Mr J. Wishart was opened for traffic.
~ The Methodist Church was built in November with Rev. G. J. Samson as minister
~The steamer Emu brings goods, passengers and mail to Port Germein on its weekly trip and takes away wheat and various produce
~ The Cattle Track in Telowie was cut up into blocks, Mr J. Tuohy being the pioneer blocker.
~ Mr Herbert Cobb was appointed postmaster at Port Germein. Here he remained for 23 years, and also held the positions of electoral officer,
registrar of births and deaths, harbour master, sub collector of customs, collector of jetty tolls, health officer, inspector of excise,
inspector under the kerosene act, detaining officer, receiver of wrecks and secretary of the agricultural bureau and of the progress
~ The Savings Bank of SA opened at Port Germein in March, 1882.
~ A further 400 feet is added to the jetty, making it 5,459 feet long, extending to 15 foot depth at low tides. Extension completed in June.
~ Steven Golding of Baroota begins to manufacture bricks, some of which are used in the Point Lowly lighthouse and in the outside of the smelter's stack in Pt Pirie.
~ Mr Dan Virgo is the contractor for the Point Lowly Lighthouse erected 1883. He later goes bankrupt and building is continued by Wishart group.
~ March 12, 'Frey' was the first deep water sailing vessel to berth at the jetty to load a cargo of wheat
~ The church at Telowie came under the direction of the SA Baptist Union.
~ Wishart Bros. built the engine and goods shed at the start of the jetty.
~ Photographer Mr (Robert) Stacy visits Port Germein in April and May and takes historic photographs, including possibly some of the flood.
~ On May 12, at 8.45 pm a severe flood inundates the town and damages the water scheme and road in the Gorge.
~ In September, a steam engine replaces the horse haulage on the jetty, engine driver Mr Lachlan McPhee senior
~ In November Port Germein is declared a Port of Export and Import and is visited in the same week by the new South Australian warship, "Protector"
~ Mr Ward of Telowie succeeded in developing a rust resistant type of wheat called Ward's Prolific.
~ At a sale of Port Germein township blocks on March 9, the front blocks averaged £3/15s a foot and the sale realised nearly £3000.
~ In April Dr Kenyon, Bishop of Adelaide, opened the Church of England's new stone building.
~ Inauguration of the Manchester Unity, IOOF Loyal Port Germein Lodge, No 110 on June 22.
~ Marshall and Son call for tenders for a large general store in main street in July; by the end of September it is built and ready for fitting out.
~ The aboriginal reserve was subdivided into sections 152 and 158.
~ East side of the jetty dredged to 20 feet, low water, for 300 feet.
~ A second berth excavated to a depth of 20 feet on the west side of the jetty.
~ Port Germein District Council inaugurated on February 4 at the North Star Hotel, Melrose
~ Pipes laid from Baroota Springs to Port Germein
~ 19 ships loaded and despatched during the year
~ Doctor leaves during year and a replacement is desperately sought
~Port Pirie Standard and Barrier Advertiser first published Jan 4.
~ Jetty berths dredged, 15680 cubic yards of blue clay being raised.
~ Moved in Parliament that a Local Court of Limited Jurisdicture be established at Port Germein.
~ Port Germein District Council votes to change its name to District Council of Mount Remarkable.
~ Royal Commission visited Port Germein in connection with the proposed railway line from Port Germein,
through Lacey's Gully to Orroroo.
~ The goods shed was extended at a cost of £317/5/0
~ Mr Jas. Orchard, JP, laid the foundation stone of the institute in October
~ Carmichael's Eclipse by Mr W.T. Carmichael and Gluyas Early by Mr H.J. Gluyas, both rust resistant wheats, were pefected
at about the same time.
~ The Port Germein Institute was formally opened by Mr. Joseph Orchard J.P., on Wed, April 5th, having cost £606, including 180 chairs and stage fittings.
~ 'Earl of Dunmore' was the first 4 masted barque to load at the jetty
~ J. Netting's dispensary burns to the ground and fire spreads to Mr F.H. Flugge's bran, flour
and chaff store and destroys his stock. The front of the store with fruit and veges of Mr William Giles
was also destroyed. All property owned by My Flugge (1-5-1894, The Advertiser)
~ The Aboriginal Reserve was declared to be crown lands reserved for the use of aborigines.
~ The Telowie branch of the Albert District IO of Rechabites was begun
~ The Baptist church at Telowie was opened on October 3, free of debt
~ Volunteers joining up for the Boer War; extensive fund raising taking place in the district; celebrations following relief of LadySmith.
~ Pipes were laid from Baroota Springs to Pt Pirie to augment Pirie's supply during a water shortage
~ In Feb, the 4-masted ship Dunfermline cleared at Port Germein with the largest cargo of wheat ever shipped in a sailing vessel from the colony-
36,997 bags, 158,084 bushels.
~ The steamer "Hendrika" left the jetty with a load of 41,686 bags of wheat on Jan 8. It was claimed to be the largest wheat cargo ever sent
from the state of SA, surpassing that of "Dunfermline " in 1900.
~ The new national Bank was built.
~ The census of this year revealed that in Baroota, 453 persons lived in 85 houses, while Telowie, including Port Germein had 564
persons in 129 houses. Port Germein itself was credited with 195 males and 172 females, 367 persons living in 68 houses.
~ The Port Germein Co-operative dairy factory was started in October.
~ Steamers 'Adelaide, ' 'Eleanor' and 'Florrie' ran excursions to Pt Germein from Pt Pirie on Easter Monday
~ Port Germein division of the Mounted Rifles , 30 men, inspected by Colonel Stuart, Acting Commandant of the military forces in September
~ Steamship 'Investigator' to Port Germein each Monday
~ Mr Edward McHugh, one of the oldest residents of the district died in June aged 64
~ Coronation and peace celebrations included a march by school children with the Mounted Rifles, Oddfellows Lodge and the Port
Germein Brass Band, around the streets and then to the rereation grounds
~ May 7-Annual chrysanthemum show at the institute with The steamer 'Adelaide' running an excursion from Pt Pirie for the event
~ The Port Pirie Excelsior Brass Band chartered the steamer 'Adelaide' and ran a marine excursion to Port Germein
where they gave a concert on the beach. About 400 people came over.
~ Dr Bain died in June after being in practice in Port Germein for the last 5 years. He was closely
associated with the development of Clare and its wine industry
~ A fight between 2 sailors on the jetty ended in a stabbing but both men fell over the side.
One went to hospital and the other was fined.
~ The building of the Laura to Booleroo railway robbed Port Germein of much of its "over-the-range" trade
~ Broad Creek Methodist church opened
~ A Royal Commission investigated the proposal to join Port Germein to Port Pirie by a light railway
~ Port Germein flooded by Baroota Creek due to enormous rains-poured through the town for 16-17 hours
~ Telowie Creek Tennis Club formed
~ On November 21, at 2 am, the Port Germein butter factory was burnt to the ground
~ Baroota Reservoir was completed on December 20 by contractors, Messrs Atkins and Finlayson
~ During this year the wooden pipes from Baroota Springs to Port Pirie were replaced by steel pipes
~ Soldiers' Memorial unveiled by Mr GF Jenkins, MP. The six foot statue of a soldier was carved in Italy and
shipped to Australia. The granite basement came from Monarto and the marble from Angaston. The secretary of
the Soldiers' Memorial Committeee at the time was Mr L. McPhee, the harbour master
~ Sailing ship København, the largest sailing ship in the world, a 5 master, loading a part cargo of wheat Jan 1 to 15
~ Telowie Gorge tennis club was founded.
~ Saling ship Pamelia, Norwegian, loading wheat Dec 16 to Feb 2
~ Wireless sets began to arrive in the district
~ The Methodists acquired the Baptist Church at Mambray Creek
~ Sailing ship Elfrieda, German, loading wheat Jan 1 to Feb 12
~ The Beach Improvement Committee made efforts to clear and improve the foreshore to attract holiday makers
~ Kindergarten hall built at Port Germein
~ In December the Palais de Danse opened opposite the Pier Hotel on the foreshore. It was built for Mr Jack Laver,
proprietor of the Pier Hotel. Dances were held every Wednesday and Saturday.
Mr Laver had a 10 years lease and then the Palais would be handed back to the council.
~ Sailing ship Favell loading wheat Nov 20 to Jan 21
~ Church at the Aboriginal Reserve was opened on September 1
~ Springs at Telowie dry up because of very dry January
~ SS København lost at sea
~ Palais under new management in February
~ Supper room of the Institute remodelled into a kitchen and a reading and supper room, in which the library is installed.
~ Dredging carried out in the harbour in response to a petition complaining of no maintenance for 20 years.
~ Sailing ship Pommern loads wheat Jan 11 to Feb 21.
~ Sailing ship Olivebank loads wheat March 9 to April 13
~ Sailing ship Pommern loading wheat Sep 1 to Sep 21
~ Sailing ship Favell loading Dec 21 to Jan 26
~ Mount Gullett region threatened by bush fire
~ Sailing ship C.B. Pedersen loading wheat Feb 13 to March 4
~ Sailing ship L'Avenir loading wheat Jan 12 to Feb 7.
~ Sailing ship Winterhude loading wheat Jan 26 to Feb 22
~ Sailing ship Mozart loading wheat Jan 30 to March 13 after first running aground on the beach.
~ Sailing ship Favell loading wheat March 27 to April 16
~ Port Germein, Port Pirie and Port Augusta flooded by an abnormally high tide on August 14
~ Dust storms on December 14 severely damaged Darlings' shed
~ Two passengers from the ship L'Avenir marry in romantic circumstances in Port Germein at the Anglican
Church of St Clements next to the primary school, receiving national and English publicity in papers and magazines.
~ Sailing ship Killoran loading wheat Jan 18 to Feb 8
~ Sailing ship Pommern loading wheat Jan 28 to March 4
~ Sailing ship Archibald Russell Loading wheat Feb 11 to March 31
~ On April 30th a painting of late Mr P. Hillam unveiled in Port Germein Institute by Mr Blesing, Minister for Agriculture
~ In May remodelling and reconstruction of the road through the gorge was begun
~ Jubilee celebrations for the Loyal Port Germein Lodge
~ Sailing ship Ponape loading wheat Jan 19 to Feb 14
~ Sailing ship Winterhude loading wheat Jan 30 to March 6
~ Sailing ship C.B. Pedersen loading wheat Feb 5 to March 25
~ Sailing ship Killoran loading wheat March 26 to April 8
~ Sailing ship C.B. Pedersen loading wheat Dec 29 to Jan 21
~ Completion of sealing of Port Germein Gorge Road as a tourist attraction and for transport of grain from eastern centres
~ Work begun on long deferred railway line from Red Hill to Port Augusta so that Port Germein linked up to the railway syatem
~ Sailing ship Penang loading wheat jan 29 to Feb 17
~ Two sailors from Penang drowned on Feb 3 at Port Germein
~ Sailing ship Archibald Russell loading wheat Feb 17 to March 2
~ Sailing ship Winterhude loading wheat April 10 to 28
~ Completion of the standard gauge railway line between Port Pirie and Port Augusta
~ Sailing ship Admiral Karpfanger (now German owned but formerly Belgian owned L'Avenir) loading wheat Jan 5 to Feb 9
~ Admiral Karpfanger, a four-masted ship had 44 cadets and 16 officers and men of the Hamburg-America Line on board when she left.
Five weeks later she radioed her position from somewhere south of New Zealand and said she would round Cape Horn.
That was the last ever heard of her.
~ Sailing ship Winterhude loading wheat Jan 12 to March 5
~ Sailing ship Killoran loading wheat Feb 1 to March 5
~ Sailing ship Pommern loading wheat March 8 to March 26
~ Sailing ship Archibald Russell loading wheat April 29 to May 5
~ Formation of Port Germein School Welfare Club
~ Sailing ship Abraham Rydberg loading wheat Feb 1 to Feb 18
~ Sailing ship Pommern loading wheat Feb 11 to March 1
~ Sailing ship Winterhude loading wheat Feb 14 to March 17
~ Sailing ship Archibald Russell loading wheat March 5 to April 1
~ War with Germany commenced
~ Morgan to Whyalla pipeline started
~ Port Germein Volunteer Defence Corps started
~ Baroota school closed and bus service to and from Port Germein School commenced
~ Morgan-Whyalla pipeline completed
~ End of WW2
~ CWA sub branch formed in Port Germein
~ RSL sub branch formed in Port Germein
~ Mr S.G. Stone left district after 29 years as a councillor, being chairman for 3 periods
~ Start of forming and sealing of main road from Pt Pirie to Port Augusta
~ Mambray Creek and Alligator Gorge opened for tourist trade
~ Huge tide floods town on 11 October, jetty damaged extensively
~ Completion of main road from Port Pirie to Port Augusta
~ Re-forming of beach committee with Mr E.C. Alford as chair and Mr Arnold Miller as secretary
~On 18th May t Terrific storm caused severe damage to the jetty, and a high tide inundated the township
~ The first Port Augusta - Magill powerline passed through the district
~ Caravan Park opened at Port Germein
~ In January, filming of part of the motion picture, 'Robbery Under Arms,' took place in the main street next to the Hotel
~ In July, daily bus collected and delivered mail directly at the post office rather than leaving it at Ottaways' Garage
~ Jetty handed over to district council by Harbours Board.
~ Jetty finally repaired after the storm of 1953
~ Electricity to Port Germein township for Christmas; House of Assembly Member for Stuart, Mr L.G. Riches M.P switched on the lights.
~ In February, official switching on of street lighting
~ Change over from manual to automatic telephone service
~ Opening of additions to the Institute as World War 2 Memorial, on October 29
~ TV came to Port Germein
~ Back to Baroota and Port Germein School Celebrations
~ The historical and unique Beach Palais is demolished for £150 for scrap and at last the council
has got rid of a place which was always a trial to them and which did not feature in any history
or on timelines of the town. No publicity seems to have preceded the sale which was handled by the council
~Lighthouse re-erected at start of jetty
~ Back to Port Germein celebrations
~ TV series 'A Thousand Skies' filmed at Port Germein
~ February 16th, 150 Jubilee Grain Trade Re-enactment held
~ On 23 January in the early hours of the morning, Port Germein was battered by a mini cyclone
with winds to 100 kph. The supper room of the institute was unroofed as was the western half
of the main hall-the roof ended up by the school. The main
street was covered in debris and the town was without electricty for about a week, so many poles were knocked over.
~ In October Port Germein became world famous because the shadow from a tree formed an image of
Jesus on a fence
~Harbour master's house torched
~Noel Smith's sculpture installed at corner of High Street and Esplanade
~ Discussion of a merger with the Port Pirie Council and a move from the Melrose based council
~ Harold Webb, long time resident of Baroota and Port Germein died on November 11, 2010.
He and wife Joyce Webb donated the land for the caravan park on the foreshore and worked tirelessly for its
inception. They also donated blocks of land behind the tennis courts to the town.
~ Mrs Joyce Webb nee Williams died on June 1st, 2011. A long time resident of Baroota and Port Germein,
Mrs Webb was a very active member of the community for many years. She was president of the school Mothers' Club,
a member of the CWA and helped establish the bowling club in Port Germein. It was her dream to see the buildings
from the TV series 'A Thousand Skies' used as a local museum and she donated much of her family memorabilia to
the collection. She was not only an organiser but worked hard herself in practical ways like making curtains for
the institute stage or costumes for re-enactments of days past.
~ The top of the lighthouse, located at the start of the jetty, is restored
~Census records 296 people, 90 families, 216 dwellings
~ Dalton Mcphee died 16-1-2012 in Adelaide. Born in Port Germein and educated at PGPS he was
a son of Harbourmaster Lachlan McPhee and grandson of Sarah and Lachlan McPhee snr, also the Harbourmaster.
A plaque for Dalton was placed in Port Germein Cemetery and the ashes of his parents, Lachlan and Elsie McPhee nee Havers
were also moved to the Port Germein Cemetery together with his sister's ashes.
~Council officially decides to name 12 streets in Port Germein after famous sailing ships of the wheat trade.
Street names in a number of country towns were changed, partly to help avoid confusion with emergency services.
~ The Old Pier Hotel opened for trading as a cafe during the year, but closed down again.
~ On Friday, December 13, 2013, Port Germein Primary School closed after 132 years.
~Foreshore renovations to goods shed and lighthouse. Short length of railway line installed.
~New Street signs installed. Twelve street names in Port Germein were changed from ordinal numbers to the
names of famous ships owned by Captain Gustaf Erikson of Mariehamn in Finland, used in the wheat trade.
~The Marvellous Dancing Palais at Port Germein published.
~Continued upgrading of foreshore with extensive tourist signage and placing of harbourmaster's pole in goods shed.
~Shop/PO run by Jeff and Julie Porter closes down after some years of being on sale, there sadly being no buyers.
~Robbie Benson opens post office/shop at rear of old post office on foreshore
~70th anniversary of Port Germein CWA in September.
~Welcome to Port Germein sign repainted with Anna Herburt design.
~Hotel closes and is up for lease. Opens for limited trading during the year.
~Orange food van begins trading on foreshore.
~Sunday markets in goods shed.
~Jetty badly damaged in storm on May 9, but was promptly repaired.
~Jetty damaged even more severely in a storm on September 9, but repairs promised.
~Jetty repaired over a number of months.
~Village cafe opens.
~Post shop and cafe moves to old Second Hand/Prests/TS Marshall shop in main street, The Red Post Shop & Cafe.
~Death of Harm Folkers, 11-8-2017. Teacher and artist and longtime resident of Port Germein, with wife Tinky he ran the Port Germein Art Gallery.
~Tinky (Catharina) Folkers, long time resident of Telowie and Port Germein, passed away on 24-2-2018.
~Gloria Lampre passed away 8-10-2018.
~Primary School is up for sale in July
~PG Progress Association buys Port Germein Primary School
~Proposal to build a boardwalk west of the goods shed using timber from the wrecked jetty.
~Port Germein records its lowest annual rainfall for 136 years.
~Dale Hollitt opens garage for repairs at corner of Kobenhavn St & Karpfaenger St.
~Margot Tobar receives 2019 Australia Day Award for preserving and promoting heritage of Port Germein.
Chris Pole recognised with community service award.
~23,200 solar panels installed at Baroota in eight weeks using the Meralli version of the PEG system
~$3000 community donation from Baroota Solar Farm Project in November
~Caravan park ablution block removed and new one built
~Community garden and Men's Shed under way at former school, now the Community Hub
~Yoga and Strength classes held at Hub.
~Bullock's head sculpture, horse shoes and bullock cues signage installed on front of Goods shed on foreshore
~Covid 19 impacts travel in Australia. No patrons for caravan park. Foreshore markets cancelled Mar-Dec
~Op shop opens at Hub-Mon to Wed and 4th Sunday each month on market day.
~30 years of markets at Pt Germein, first 20 years run by Karen Lawrence next to her shop in Prests old store,
in the main street
~Death of Beryl Mudge 19-5-2021 aged 92 years. She was a founder and life member of the Pt Germein CWA and much loved member of the
Baroota and Mambray Creek community.
~Jetty in need of repair again at a cost of about $700,000 due to wear and tear
~Norma May Baker b.4-8-1942 died 8-8-2023. Norma operated the Beach Cafe on the foreshore in the old Pier Hotel for 19 years, as
a deli and take away. She was a member and sometimes secretary of the Progress Association, Village Project, Festival of the Crab
and an active member of the Northern Country Music Association. She received "Citizen of the Year" award for Port Germein in 2010.
Please email details re
Port Germein and members of its community for addition to the timeline. Thanks to Ruth Akizuki for most recent updates.
Line html re-constructed 22-1-2013. Updated 14-8-2023